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ISSN: 1734-4948
Advances in Rehabilitation
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abstract:
Original article

The role of physiotherapy interventions in alleviating physical symptoms and improving quality of life in individuals with premenstrual syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Shalini Verma
1
,
Gurjant Singh
1
,
Saumya Kothiyal
1

  1. Department of Physiotherapy, University Institute of Allied Health Sciences, Chandigarh University, Punjab, Indie
Advances in Rehabilitation
Online publish date: 2024/07/08
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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a frequently occurring disorder that women of reproductive age suffer. PMS often begins 6 to 12 days before menstruation and ends up to 2 to 4 days after menstruation starts. PMS has a negative impact on the Women's Physical and mental health. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of various physiotherapeutic approaches in managing PMS-related discomfort, enhancing overall well-being, and improving quality of life. Databases Google Scholar, PubMed, and Medline were searched for articles published from the year 2013-2023. This systematic review with Meta-analysis was conducted from February 2024 to April 2024. The randomized controlled trials, randomized clinical trials, and pre-post experimental studies were selected for this study. Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Premenstrual syndrome scale (PMSS), Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), and Beck Depression Inventory scale (BDI) were used as outcome measures. The 14 studies included in this review were screened by the 3 authors independently and extracted the data. Meta-analysis was performed by using a random-effect model. Physiotherapy interventions were found to be effective in the reduction of depression compared to the control group whereas the p-value was significant < 0.001. Additionally, physiotherapy was more effective in reducing pain than the control group, with VAS scores for pain showing a mean difference (95% CI) of 2.84 [-1.75, 7.43]. The present study results show that physiotherapy interventions can be promising and very effective in alleviating premenstrual symptoms and improving quality of life.
keywords:

Physical Therapy Modalities, Quality of Life, Female, Premenstrual Syndrome











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